10 Unique Island Ecosystems of the World

Located in the Mona Passage and part of Puerto Rico, Mona Island is a nature reserve with distinct topography and ecology, earning it the nickname "The Galápagos Islands of the Caribbean."

1. Mona Island

The largest natural island in the United Arab Emirates, Sir Bani Yas, transformed into a wildlife reserve with diverse species like gazelles, giraffes, and the Arabian oryx.

2. Sir Bani Yas

Situated 600 km east of the Australian mainland, Lord Howe Island boasts a rare diversity of landscapes, flora, and fauna, with nearly half of its native plants being endemic.

8. Clifton Beach, Cape Town

An extinct volcano in Papua New Guinea, Mount Bosavi's crater houses over 40 previously unknown species, isolated from the outside world for about 200,000 years.

4. Mount Bosavi

These subtropical and tropical islands, south of Tokyo, have preserved their ecosystems due to minimal human interference, attracting tourists for their natural beauty.

5. Ogasawara Islands

Located northwest of Perth in the Indian Ocean, Christmas Island's isolation has led to a high level of endemism, notably with the annual mass migration of red crabs.

7. Christmas Island

Famous for the bossa nova song "The Girl from Ipanema," this beach has miles of white sand and beautiful mountains.

4. Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro

An offshore territory of Yemen, Socotra's isolation and harsh conditions have resulted in a unique ecosystem with more than a third of its plant species found nowhere else.

8. Socotra

Conserving the world's largest lizard, the Komodo Dragon, this Indonesian national park protects both marine and terrestrial biodiversity.

9. Komodo National Park

Belonging to Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are renowned for their remote location and diverse wildlife, inspiring Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.

10. Galapagos Islands